Grain In Ear – Mángzhòng 芒种

Grain In Ear – Mángzhòng 芒种

The 24 Solar Terms or Jiéqì

In ancient China, 24 solar terms, or Jiéqì, existed to guide farmers in agricultural affairs and farming activities throughout the year—each of these periods lasting approximately 15 days. The Jiéqì are based on the sun’s position in the zodiac and reflect changes in climate, agricultural production, natural phenomena and other aspects of living.

Mángzhòng—The Ninth Solar Term:

Today (June 7th) is Mángzhòng 芒种, also known as ‘Grain In Ear’. Mángzhòng is the ninth solar term, which occurs annually c. June 7th. It signifies the period when crops, especially grain crops like wheat and barley, enter the crucial ripening stage. The term “Grain in Ear” beautifully captures the imagery of fields filled with ears of grain, swaying gracefully in the summer breeze.

What Happens During Mángzhòng?

During Mángzhòng, nature bursts into vibrant life, and the countryside is lush with greenery. The days are longer, and the sun’s rays bathe the land, providing abundant warmth and energy for the growing crops. The temperature rises, heralding the arrival of summer and bringing with it the joy of the harvests soon to come.

The significance of Mángzhòng extends beyond its agricultural implications. It holds cultural and historical importance and is deeply rooted in people’s lives throughout China. In ancient times, this phase was a crucial indicator for farmers to prepare for the upcoming harvest season. It was a time of heightened anticipation, where the hard work and toil invested throughout the year would finally bear fruit.

Traditionally, celebrations and rituals were held during Mángzhòng to express gratitude for the bountiful season and to pray for a fruitful harvest. Communities would come together, sharing festive meals, performing traditional dances, and expressing appreciation for the Earth’s abundant gifts. These customs fostered a deep connection between people and nature, recognising the interdependence and harmony between the two.

In addition to its agricultural and cultural importance, Mángzhòng carries symbolic meaning. It serves as a reminder of the cyclical nature of life, where periods of growth and abundance follow seasons of dormancy and scarcity. It teaches us patience and perseverance, as the fruits of our labour often require time and nurturing before they are harvested. Mángzhòng invites us to reflect on the rewards of hard work, the interconnectedness of all living beings, and the beauty of the natural world.

Mángzhòng In Modern Times:

While many of us may be distanced from agricultural practices, the essence of Mángzhòng still resonates deeply within us. It reminds us to embrace nature’s rhythm and appreciate the abundance and beauty surrounding us. It encourages us to sow seeds (literally and metaphorically), nurture them with care and diligence, and await their ripening patiently.

As Mángzhòng arrives, let us celebrate the warmth of summer, the rich harvests of the Earth, and the continuous cycle of life. May this solar term inspire us to honour our connection to nature, cultivate gratitude, and find joy in the simple pleasures bestowed upon us.

Guidance & Dietary Advice During Mángzhòng:

During Mángzhòng, traditional living and dietary advice emphasises a harmonious and balanced approach to health and well-being.

  1. A Balanced Diet: incorporating a variety of fresh, seasonal foods. Include plenty of fruits, vegetables, grains, and legumes to provide essential nutrients and support overall health.
  2. Light and Cooling Foods: As the weather gets hotter during Mángzhòng, it is advisable to incorporate light and cooling foods into your diet. Foods such as cucumbers, watermelons, mung beans, lotus root, and green tea will help to cool the body and prevent heat-related ailments.
  3. Hydration: Staying hydrated is crucial during Mángzhòng. Drink plenty of water, herbal teas, and freshly squeezed fruit juices to maintain optimal hydration. Avoid excessive consumption of sugary beverages and alcohol, as they can dehydrate the body.
  4. Moderate Exercise: Engage in moderate physical activities or exercises to keep your body active and maintain a healthy metabolism. Walking, jogging, swimming, or practising gentle movements like tai chi or yoga are beneficial during Mángzhòng.
  5. Protecting Against Heat: With the increase in temperature, it is essential to protect yourself from excessive heat exposure. Wear lightweight and breathable clothing, use sunscreen, and seek shade during the hottest parts of the day.
  6. Rest & Digest: Balancing activity with sufficient rest is essential. Take time to relax and rejuvenate, allowing your body to recover from daily stresses—Prioritise quality sleep to support your overall well-being.
  7. Emphasise Food Safety: With the arrival of summer, it’s essential to pay attention to food safety practices. Consume freshly prepared meals, ensure proper cooking temperatures for meats, and practice good hygiene to prevent foodborne illnesses.
  8. Appreciation of Nature: Mángzhòng is a time to appreciate the abundance of nature and connect with the environment. Take walks in nature, spend time in green spaces, and engage in activities promoting tranquillity and harmony with the natural world.


It’s worth noting that while these traditional practices can be beneficial, individual dietary and lifestyle needs may vary. It is always advisable to listen to your body, consult with healthcare professionals, and make adjustments based on your specific circumstances and health requirements.


The Beginning of Spring
The 24 Solar Terms

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