Winter Solstice — Dōngzhì 冬至
Winter Solstice — Dōngzhì 冬至

Winter Solstice — Dōngzhì 冬至

The 24 Solar Terms or Jiéqì:

In ancient China, 24 solar terms, or Jiéqì, existed to guide farmers in agricultural affairs and farming activities throughout the year—each of these periods lasting approximately 15 days. The Jiéqì are based on the sun’s position in the zodiac and reflect changes in climate, agricultural production, natural phenomena and other aspects of living. This is often referred to as ‘the farmer’s calendar’.


As we traverse the celestial roadmap of ancient Chinese wisdom embodied in the 24 solar terms, we arrive at the pivotal moment of Winter Solstice, a profound juncture occurring around December 21st. Beyond marking the shortest day and longest night of the year, Winter Solstice holds deep cultural significance in Chinese traditions. Let’s unravel the layers of this solar term, exploring its importance, lifestyle guidance, customs, and the comforting foods that grace our tables during this poignant time.

Understanding Winter Solstice:

Winter Solstice, occurring around December 21st, symbolises the zenith of Yin energy as daylight reaches its minimum, and the night takes precedence. This celestial event not only marks a celestial milestone but also holds cultural and spiritual importance in Chinese traditions. It serves as a precursor to the gradual return of Yang energy, signifying the journey from darkness towards the light.

Winter Solstice in Chinese Culture:

In Chinese culture, Winter Solstice, or “Dōngzhì” (冬至), is a festival deeply rooted in Confucianism and Taoism. It represents the embrace of yin and yang, balance and harmony. Families gather to celebrate the reunion of generations, emphasising the importance of familial bonds and unity during the longest night. Symbolically, it marks the triumph of positive forces over negative forces and the rebirth of light.

Lifestyle Guidance for Winter Solstice:

  1. Nourishing the Yin: Embrace the Yin energy prevalent during Winter Solstice by focusing on nourishing, warming foods that provide comfort during the longer, colder night.
  2. Family Reunion: Follow the cultural tradition of family reunions, fostering connections and sharing the warmth of love and unity.
  3. Yin-Yang Balance: Reflect on the balance of yin and yang in your life, seeking equilibrium in mind, body, and spirit.
  4. Embracing Darkness: Take a moment to appreciate the beauty in the stillness and darkness, recognizing the cyclical nature of life.

Traditions and Customs for Winter Solstice:

  1. Tangyuan Tradition: The consumption of tangyuan, sweet glutinous rice balls, symbolizes family unity and the coming together of generations.
  2. Winter Solstice Dumplings: In some regions, making and enjoying dumplings during Winter Solstice is a customary practice, signifying the warmth of togetherness.
  3. Worshiping Ancestors: Families often pay respects to ancestors during this time, honoring their legacy and seeking blessings for the coming year.

Food Recommendations for Winter Solstice:

  1. Tangyuan: Enjoy these sweet rice balls, symbolizing togetherness and unity.
  2. Dumplings: Share in the joy of making and savoring dumplings, a symbol of family reunion.
  3. Hot Pot: Embrace the communal warmth of hot pot meals, fostering connection and comfort.
  4. Nourishing Soups: Include hearty soups with warming ingredients like ginger and goji berries, supporting well-being during the colder season.


As Winter Solstice envelops us in the longest night, it beckons a time for reflection, unity, and the celebration of light’s eventual return. By aligning with the wisdom embedded in the 24 solar terms, particularly Winter Solstice, we can deepen our connection with cultural traditions and the cyclical nature of life. So, as you gather with loved ones, share tangyuan and dumplings, and embrace the warmth of Winter Solstice, let it be a time of reflection, gratitude, and anticipation for the gradual return of light.


Remember that these dietary recommendations are general guidelines, and individual needs may vary. It’s essential to listen to your body and consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian if you have specific dietary concerns or restrictions.


The 24 Solar Terms

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